Why Fisheries? What are its features?
Fishing is a subsidiary occupation in rural areas with less labor, less cost and more profitable business in less time. Market is not a problem. Fish, produced in any size, is easily sold; therefore the possibility of loss is very low. With just fish seed production, income of more than Rs. 45,000 in 3 months could be gained, which is very high compared to benefits from other business.
Which institution holds the rights of Lake /Reservoir management?
Three - tier Panchayat, Fisheries department and Madhya Pradesh Fisheries Federation holds the rights of Lake/Reservoir management as follows:-
- Lake /reservoir of average water area spread over up to 10 hector - Gram Panchayat.
- Lake /reservoir of water area spread on more than 10 hector and average 100 hector - Janpad Panchayat.
- Lake /reservoir of water area spread on more than 100 hector and average 1000 hector - Zila Panchayat.
- Existing and under construction (after completion) lake /reservoir of water area spread on more than 1000 hector and average 2000 hector – will remain under Fisheries department and Madhya Pradesh Fisheries Federation, as per government decision.
- Lake /reservoir of average water area spread on more than 2000 hector will remain under Fisheries Federation.
The right of three - tier Panchayat regarding management of lakes/reservoir is protected and rights of fisheries allocation process / technical process will remain with the Department of Fisheries.
What is the priority order of allocating Lake / reservoir?
Priority order is as mentioned below- Hereditary Fishman / SC / ST / Backward class/General category/People below poverty line / self-help groups /registered co-operatives.
Whether pond/reservoir could be obtained for fisheries through auction or contract?
No. It is restricted to allot any pond/reservoir belong to State Government / Semi Government institutions such as Nagar Panchayat, Municipality, Municipal Corporation, Forest and Energy Department, through auction or on contract. The state government had allotted leasing rights of ponds / reservoirs to three - tier panchayat. But lease of a pond / reservoir, which is under Nagar Panchayat, Municipality, Municipal Corporation, Forest, Energy Department, will be allocated for 10 years by the body/competent authority of the Department of Fisheries as per fisheries policy.
Who is called fishermen in the state and who has priority?
The one, who earn livelihood through fish breeding, fishing, or fish seed production etc., is called fisherman.
Hereditary fishermen caste / fisher - Dhiram - Dhimer, Bhoi, Kahar - Kashyam - Singraha - Sondhia - Raikwar - Batham, Mallah, Navda, kevat - Mudaha - Mudhaha - Nishad, Kir, Rafter has the priority
What is the provision of water area allocation of the lake / reservoir for individual/fisher self-help groups/fishermen cooperatives?
As per fisheries policy, lakes of average one hectare water area are allocated to individual beneficiaries according to priority order.
Lakes/Reservoirs of average 1 hectare to 5 hector water area - are allocated to self-help groups / fisher groups according to priority order if registered Fishermen co-operative society does not exist in the area.
Lakes/Reservoirs of average 5 hectare to 1000 hector water area - are allocated to registered fishermen cooperative societies according to priority order. If the societies are not registered, lakes/reservoirs will be allotted to self-help group/Fishman Group as per above mentioned priority order. It is necessary for such self-help group/fishermen group to register their society within one year.
Whether the Fisheries policy is being implemented in the state?
Yes. Fisheries policy has been implemented in Madhya Pradesh, from 8th October 2008 by the Department of Fisheries.
Whether the state will compensate, in case of loss of fish or fish seed in fishery?
In case of fish damage and non accumulation of fish seed in the pond / reservoir due to natural disaster, beneficiaries are exempted from paying lease amount in that year.
According to provision of section 6 (4) of Revenue Book circular :-
According to provision of section 6 (4) of Revenue Book circular :-Assistance grant of Rs. 6000/- per hectare, will be given for repair work in case of damage of fish farm due to natural disasters such as extreme rainfall, floods, landslides, earthquakes, etc. The amount of grant will be not be payable in cases where the government assistance/grant has been already given under any other scheme
Assistance grant of Rs. 4000/- per hectare, will be given for those affected people in the field of Fisheries who's fish-seeds are destroyed due to natural disasters such as drought, extreme rainfall, floods, landslides, earthquakes, etc. The amount of grant will be not be payable in cases where the assistance/grant has been given under any government scheme, beside one time interchange - grant by fisheries department.
Whether we have to pay separate rent for water chestnut along with fish breeding in the pond?
- Pre set lease amount for fish breeding will be charged for the ponds/reservoir which already contain water produces such as chestnut/kamal gatta etc. No need to pay any separate rent for chestnut/kamal gatta etc.
- Such ponds, which are used for water produces such as chestnut/kamal gatta etc. and which belongs to Panchayat, will be allotted to committee/group/person that are being allotted such ponds for fish breeding.
Can we do fishing in the river?
Yes. There is a provision of free of cost fishing in the rivers for fishermen in the state. Under the plan of river prosperity, department is conducting a program for fish seed harvesting to ensure fish storage in the rivers.
Culture of which fish species is preferred in the ponds / reservoirs?
Breeding of fishes like Katla, Rohu and Mrigala is preferred in the state as these fish do not compete among each-other and in commercial terms, they increase rapidly. As a part of intensive fishing, breeding of fishes like silver carp, grass carp and common carp is also preferred along with above mentioned species.
What amount of baby fish should be put in pond / reservoir?
In case of rural ponds, 10,000 fry per hectare are stored per year with ratio of 40 percent Katla, 30 percent Rohu and 30 percent Mrigala.
Which fish grows fast?
Katla is the fastest growing fish, which grow by approx. 1Kg. in a year.
What are Spawn, Fry and Fingerling?
Fish seed is named as per its length. Fish seed of 5 mm length is called Spawn; fish seed with 25 mm length is called Fry which is stored in the pond. Fish seed with 25 mm to 150 mm length, is called Fingerling, (Angulika) which is stored in large reservoirs.
Whether lease of pond / reservoir can be re-allocated to same holder committee / group / individual, after the completion of lease term?
Yes. If the same holder committee / group / individual are not a defaulter in any manner and holds eligibility after expiry of the lease term, they will be re-allocated pond / reservoir on lease.
Whether any person can create pond on his own land?
Anyone can construct pond on own land (proper to create pond) up to 2 hectares under Blue Revelation Scheme, with bank loan or own expenditures of Rs 7.00 lakh per hectare. For this purpose, 50 percent grant is given to per hectare for pond construction.
Whether any support is provided for the maintenance of leased ponds in rural area?
For input cost of Rs. 50,000/- per hectare, one time grant 50 percent for fish seed, Feed, fertilizer, manure and medicines for disease resistance under Blue Revelation Scheme. Along with this, for input cost of Rs. 150,000/- per hectare, one time grant with the rate of 50 percent for pond Repair and improvement and to put on lattice on input – output doors